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Wadi El Seboua


El-Sebua is about 140km south of the new Aswan Dam on the west bank of the Nile. Two Egyptian temples were built here in the New Kingdom a temple of Ramesses II which was moved to a new site several kilometers to the north west,and an earlier temple of Amenophis III which Was left in its original location and is now covered by Lake Nasser. Both temples were partly free standing and partly cut into the surrounding rock. The temple of Amenophis was dedicated first to a Nubian form of the god Horus and later to Amun.Damaged in the Amarna Period,it was restored by Ramesses II.Ramesses’ own temple was dedicated to Amun-Re and Re-Horakhty and consisted of a sphinx-lined approach leading to a series of three pylons with colossi of the king (only one of which now remains )fronting the remaining pylon of stone. The court within also has ten statues of Ramesses,depicated in the heavy, rather rounded style often used in this area ,engaged to its pillars. Within the rock a 12-pillared hall stands before a transverse vestibule and the sanctuary chambers.The entrance to the central niche was decorated to show Ramesses worshipping the gods within (probably Amun-Re,Re-Horakhty and Ramesses himself) but was changed by the ancient Christians, who converted the temple to a church, to show him offering to St peter instead.